Communication is an important knack that one needs to develop just after birth to interact with people. The skills of communication are essential to be developed so that you can correspond with people and able to share thoughts smoothly. But, As there is medicine for every ailment the ailment for every condition is there so as in speech. Where people have different types of speech disorders that they need different types of speech therapies to overcome their communication problems.
What are speech disorders and what are their types?
What is a speech disorder?
A speech disorder is a condition in which the individual finds trouble producing sounds or understanding language. Speech disorders can be caused by physical damage to the brain, such as from stroke and seizures, but they can also be caused by conditions like laryngeal incompetence which is mainly caused by an injury, due to several Neurological and psychological disorders such as autism spectrum disorder and developmental language disorder (DLD) which makes a person hard to deliver the words, proper pronunciation and even elicit sound.
Types of speech disorders:-
Role of Speech therapy
Speech therapy is important for anyone who has a speech disability. It can help you communicate better by helping you speak more clearly, understand what other people are saying, and improve your communication skills.
It’s an important part of the overall well-being and development of children. It can help in
• Language development
• Communication skills
• Social skills
• Correction of phraseology
• Improvement in speech disorders
Types of speech therapy for children
1. Speech Therapy for Stuttering:-
2. Speech Therapy for Apraxia of Speech:-
3. Speech Therapy for Aphasia:-
4. Speech Therapy For Swallowing Difficulty:-
1. Speech therapy for stuttering:-
Speech therapy is proven important for people with stuttering problems. It helps you to observe when you stutter and minimize the speed of your speech accordingly. This speech therapy needs sluggish speed initially it gradually increases with time until you start speaking normally.
2. Speech therapy for apraxia of speech:-
In apraxia of speech, the child knows what to ask or what to deliver it’s the brain that tells the wrong signals in the movement of the mouth muscles.
It is also known as verbal dyspraxia or developmental apraxia.
Causes behind CAS in a child
• Due to brain damage.
• Complications in childbirth.
• Genetic disorder.
• Any severe brain injury.
The child has to take therapy sessions twice a week better if you prioritize group sessions.
• Organizing mouth movements needed to speak.
• Practice sessions of scheduling mouth muscle movements
3. Speech therapy for Aphasia:-
The treatment is dependent upon the speech therapy approach done by a speech-language pathologist. Some SLPs approach individual methods some approach combination of therapy but it should be well-researched with evidence that it has an impact on the patient.
What SLPs are going into speech therapy for apraxia?
• Intensive practice of the targeted words during the session.
• As CAS is a motor-based disorder the therapist focuses on movements of the mouth for the proper word flow rather than sound.
• New targets are practiced as specific targets while older ones are frequently revised.
• Therapists give directions to the patients like” slow the movement of the mouth” or “you are doing it right”.
• Giving daily homework includes, repeating sounds, rhythm, uses of pauses, etc.
4. Speech therapy for swallowing difficulty
Swallowing difficulty is also known as dysphagia. The term is used for the condition where a person is unable to chew or swallow food due to some reasons. Here SLPs provide therapies to patients with swallowing difficulties to help them eat and swallow food properly.
Speech therapy for swallowing difficulty has three types:-
• Bedside Dysphagia Evaluation:- Visual examination of the swallowing condition. Keen observations on mouth jaw muscles and try to evaluate which suits best according to the condition.
• Modified Barium Swallow Evaluation (MBS):- It is done by a radiologist to watch the journey of barium-coated food which gives an accurate report of what is better in swallowing and what is stuck inside the mouth or throat.
• Fiberoptic Endoscopic Evaluation (FEES):- where a radiologist will put a small fiberoptic tube from the nasal to observe the activities of the sound box and upper esophagus at the time of swallowing.
They give some exercises in homework like swallowing saliva every 10 minutes, Saying the word” HAWK” and Some movement while eating twice or thrice a day.
Different types of speech therapy
1. Speech Therapy for Fluency Disorder:-
A fluency disorder is a speech disorder that makes it difficult for someone to speak clearly and fluidly. It can make it difficult for an individual to figure out what they are saying, or even to understand themselves.
There are several methods for treating a fluency disorder:-
Speech therapy utilizes feedback from patients to assist them to improve their speech patterns. This method uses recording equipment like a recorder or tape recorder so that the patient can hear themselves speaking back to them. The speech therapist will then advise changes in the way the person speaks or sounds until they feel comfortable speaking without stuttering or slurring their words again.
2. Speech therapy for an articulation disorder:-
speech therapists know how hard it can be to overcome a speech problem, it can be frustrating to try and say something that hasn’t come out right, but when you get your speech back together again, it’s amazing how much better everything sounds!
When a therapist started working on articulation disorders, they knew some things would help make my job easier.
So they started using these techniques:
1) Always ask the patient what their goals are before getting started. This lets them know what they want from therapy and gives them an idea of where a therapist needs to begin.
2) Make sure the patient has a good understanding of the language being spoken before starting therapy. If you don’t understand the language well enough, then it will be hard for therapists to try to teach you how to speak clearly and correctly.
3) If someone is having trouble with their pronunciation or fluency, practice speaking slowly and clearly to observe the absurd.
3. Speech therapy for swallowing difficulty
An SLP is assigned to treat swallowing difficulty cause due to several know and unknown reasons. SLP apply techniques according to the condition of the patient:
• Visual assessments of the movement of muscles
• X-ray procedures to get perfect results behind the disorder.
• Eat smaller food
• Frequent meal schedule
• Mouth Muscle exercises
• Slow chewing and slow swallowing etc.
5. Speech therapy for dysarthria
Dysarthria is a sudden change in the ability to speak properly. But it can be solved by regular therapy sessions that involve:-
• More breath for a louder pitch.
• Muscle exercise to make the mouth muscles stronger.
• improves articulation
• Enriching breathing support.
• Adjusting speech rate.
• Frequent communication practice with family members.
6. Speech therapy for late talkers
As late talkers generally see in the childhood phase it involves various activities to overcome the problem from the root like:-
• Model good speech
• Frequent speech practice at home.
• imitation of certain targeted words in front of your kid.
• Daily homework
• Making certain sounds and hand signs to understand clearly what you want to say to your child.
• Repetition of certain complex words.
• Practice sessions of targeted words and revision of older targets.
If you find any of your dear ones facing problems in speaking, then do visit the best speech therapist in Gurgaon Hear Agin at once. Hear Again has a lot of information to share with you about your child’s speech and language development. Hear Again is the most reputed best hearing aid in Gurgaon and has years of work experience and is the best Audiologist in GURGAON for occupational therapists Gurgaon and also for treating ailments such as speech therapy,
They’ll give you a complete physical exam and discuss any concerns they have about your child’s health. Best Speech therapists will also talk with you about what kind of assistance your child needs. For example, if your child has auditory processing issues, he may need extra time in groups for language labs and practice periods. If he has trouble articulating words into sentences, the speech therapist may recommend that he participate in an intensive phonics program during his recess period.